The fifth-generation mobile communication system (5G) will eventually replace or at least enhance your 4G LTE connection. The download and upload speed index can be multiplied, and the latency (that is, the time between the device and the wireless network) is significantly reduced.
Below you can find the detailed study of 5G use cases, explaining what 5G is actually capable of?
Enhanced mobile broadband
Enhanced indoor wireless broadband coverage – 5G will address the challenge of providing continuous network coverage for a large number of buildings, even with complicated and sometimes expensive small base stations and wireless local area network (WLAN) commercial deployments.
Enhanced Outdoor Wireless Broadband – Applications such as delivering high-definition infotainment content to cars, increasing outdoor activities, and capacity in dense urban centers will become possible with 5G. This includes improving Internet access to public transportation systems to support more users to work online during transportation.
Fixed Wireless Broadband Deployment – 5G will surpass current LTE network levels and the different outcomes it produces, providing a better consumer experience as a whole. The main benefit of this use case is to support operators to offer more services without the need for high capital expenditures.
Enterprise Teamwork/Collaboration – As companies become more global and rely more on virtual and remote teams, the ability to collaborate with broader enterprise communication tools becomes even more critical. That’s where 5G will be beneficial.
By combining ultra-high-definition transmission, virtual reality/augmented reality, video telepresence, and the tactile Internet, the benefits of this use case of 5G will be reflected. These will enhance existing enterprise communications solutions and facilitate more dynamic interaction between team members and customers/end users. Of course, this would affect a wide range of professional services industries and the entire ICT industry.
Training/education – 5G use cases can be applied to business users (training) and traditional education (primary and secondary education alongside higher education), including remote and/or underdeveloped areas.
The overall benefits are similar to the previous use case. Still, the specific social benefit is the ability to significantly expand the student population so that they have access to general and professional education and training.
Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality (AR/VR) – Large scale support for dynamic AR content requires a 5G air interface. Low latency and multi-gigabit per second will support compute-intensive AR/VR user interaction. Specific use cases include outfield support and telemedicine.
There are two significant benefits to this use case. First, mobile AR/VR (or smart glasses) can provide a virtual display in any environment or surface without the need for additional hardware or display to benefit the user.
Second, this means lowering the cost of field support workers, forming a well-trained and experienced core team of people, and organizing these people to help the larger field support team. Many sectors can benefit from the industry, manufacturing, construction and service companies, and even social services.
Expanding mobile computing – Combined with a broader wireless data pipeline and easy-to-access cloud computing, 5G smartphones will be able to handle productivity tasks that are always part of the laptop/desktop range.
This trend has existed since the advent of digital mobile technology, and 5G can continue to develop. Specifically, the benefit of 5G is that it can create a reliable mobile computing experience without being affected by the form factor of the terminal.
Enhanced Digital Signage – Utilizing a combination of ultra-high-definition and augmented reality technologies, 5G will support a wide range of applications from improving the retail experience to smart city applications.
Indeed, digital signage is becoming more and more common, with improvements in Ultra HD and Augmented Reality and 5G technology that can significantly increase the number of use cases it supports. For the retail industry that is continuously competing with online shopping, this can be a critical differentiating advantage.
Benefits of this use case include real estate and home renovation, hotels and services, transportation, and smart cities – all of which rely on digital signage.
Massive Internet of Things
Asset Tracking – Monitoring the distribution of assets (and people) on a large scale. In the current machine-to-machine market, the application includes personnel tracking and high-priced goods in transit. But (more) high connection costs limit the growth of the market. 5G is expected to provide additional advantages in terms of in-depth coverage, low power consumption, and low cost (economies of scale) and as a 3GPP standard technology.
The improvements provided by 5G will include optimizing logistics in a wide range of industries, improving worker safety, and improving the efficiency of asset positioning and tracking to minimize costs. It will also expand the capabilities to enable dynamic tracking of a broader range of in-transit merchandise. As online shopping increases, asset tracking becomes more important.
Smart Agriculture – 5G will promote the increased use of networked sensor technology in farming/agriculture, from essential water storage facility monitoring to specialized sensors that monitor soil moisture and chemical composition. Admittedly, the use of networked sensor technology in farming/agriculture has increased significantly over the past few years, in part because of the increased popularity of low-power wide-area networks (LPWANs) at attractive prices.
Benefits include optimizing irrigation and fertilization schedules, as well as optimizing growth and harvesting schedules. This helps improve farm operations efficiency and reduce manual labor needs. Besides, the “farm to market” reporting and accountability system can be enhanced to increase consumer transparency.
Smart City – This is an area of increasing interest to mobile cellular operators, and smart cities will provide opportunities for many different types of applications and potentially new business models. Smart cities are an inclusive term; some of their critical technology applications include lighting, security, energy/utility, physical infrastructure environmental monitoring, and transportation/travel.
The main benefits of introducing 5G are lowering costs, improving quality of service (QoS) and reliability, and establishing standards for the market. One of the key reasons is that smart city applications will be able to leverage the existing operator’s infrastructure, which is quite different from deploying a dedicated private network with more capital expenditures. By using network slicing technology, 5G provides guaranteed quality of service for more essential applications (street lights, for example).
There are two notable points in the smart city use case. First, although it is included in the massive IoT for this study, it is included in a broad range of use real-life cases that can be included in the overall category of smart cities, including applications that rely on 5G enhanced mobile broadband and mission-critical services.
For example, dynamic traffic management and control is a smart city application (closely related to traffic) that leverages many of the 5G mission-critical service features. Similarly, as part of a city security solution, the use of security drones and fixed cameras will require the functionality provided by the 5G enhanced mobile broadband feature.
Energy/Utilities Monitoring – Historically, the utility market has been heavily regulated and highly fragmented, so 5G has the potential to support a more unified connectivity platform for a wide range of use cases to provide economies of scale.
Smart meter deployments today utilize a wide range of technologies, including cellular (2G/3G), low-power WAN, Zigbee, and proprietary wireless technologies. Based on economies of scale, integration on a single technology platform will result in significant cost savings.
5G is capable of supporting proprietary networks, licensed and unlicensed spectrum, and multi five hop/mesh networks, which means it will combine the full benefits of competing technologies. This will make it easier for smart metering (all utility types) to be used by more types of utilities around the world.
Physical Infrastructure – With 5G tech, massive IoT features can be combined with networked sensors to significantly improve the monitoring of physical buildings (such as bridges and flyovers) and smaller buildings (such as elevators). Besides, geo-tagging allows visitors to use augmented reality to enhance the travel experience in large cities.
Many countries are facing the challenges of aging infrastructure, and the benefits of using 5G include the ability to deploy wireless sensors to monitor buildings in real-time (such as bridges, roads, rails, and flyovers) and to schedule repairs/reconstructions.
Smart Home – 5G can completely change the deployment and service of smart home terminals. It will solve some of the significant complaints of consumer complaints, such as terminal setup difficulties, unreliable equipment, and high latency.
Remote monitoring – 5G can come to rescue primarily for industrial automation applications across a wide range of sectors, with a focus on using universal sensing to support incremental performance and preventive maintenance of equipment. The current solution relies heavily on wired technology and is difficult to retrofit. The potential of 5G is to provide a robust alternative to offer solutions to new and existing equipment.
Universal sensing has many advantages for preventing security risks such as explosions, leaks, environmental monitoring, and sometimes maintenance in an unsuitable environment. Comprehensive sensing is also a crucial part of preventive maintenance solutions that help reduce downtime and increase efficiency and productivity.
Beacons and Connected Shopping – Enhancing the current trend of retail technology using beacons and smartphones to improve the physical store shopping experience, 5G will create potential not only for retailers but also for products/brands to be more dynamic with consumers Engage.
Also, beacons are beginning to gain popularity in industrial applications, and more robust wireless connectivity solutions will be the growth factor for this type of market. At present, beacons mainly use Bluetooth, but in the future, 5G low-power technology may be used.
Key business services
Self-driving cars – The underlying assumption is that 5G will be used to support all forms of vehicle-to-air (V2X), from the initial provision of a more sophisticated Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) to the ultimate realization of fully autonomous vehicles.
UAVs – The widespread use of commercial drones will have the benefit of multiple industries, including commercial transportation, agriculture, construction, manufacturing, and public safety. With the continuous improvement of drone technology, the demand for uncrewed aerial vehicles by the company and the government will increase.
There are many benefits to using commercial and industrial drones. For example, minimizing time and risk, improving energy efficiency, and reducing costs (compared to the fee paid to the driver of the vehicle). Potential use cases for government use of drones include public security detection, counter-terrorism, riot prevention, patrol, search and rescue, tracking, public safety, traffic control, exploration, and weather monitoring.
Although the vast majority of drones are still in the experimental stage, there are also examples of commercial drones. With the increasing popularity of commercial and industrial drones, it is necessary to fully meet the needs of a broader range of use cases with many 5G features.
Industrial Automation – Most of the infrastructure on the factory floor will continue to be wired while building smarter plants, increasing workers, and supporting plant asset mobility to create opportunities for high-bandwidth and high-security wireless solutions and can be achieved through 5G.
5G mission-critical services offer specific advantages for two specific service areas: real-time closed-loop communication and hands-free device monitoring. Real-time closed-loop communication supports remote control equipment and manufacturing processes, including connecting machines, robots, and mobile devices to maximize overall equipment utility (OEE).
Workers could easily monitor machine and line performance with 5G-supported hands-free device monitoring while maintaining hands-free operation for safety and/or sterility purposes. If the delay is sufficiently improved, workers can also use the wearable device and gesture control for remote operation.
Remote Patient Monitoring / Telemedicine – 5G will reduce the reliance on patients, healthcare professionals, and surveillance equipment on different connectivity strategies. High-definition image quality enables more and more applications, including dermatology and wound care.
This use case includes a wide range of applications, such as access to imaging and medical records, advanced telemedicine (including remote surgery and treatment using robotics and AR/VR technology), and remote clinical care. 5G also supports healthcare professionals in the use of wearable devices for regulated drug management (a solution that dynamically improves pain management and minimizes the risk of abuse).
5G brings many benefits to these applications, including a standardized connectivity platform for greater convenience, more magnificent execution, and, more importantly, lower cost. Besides, medical professionals can access medical records faster and more securely on the terminal, make file management easier, and access providers anytime, anywhere. Finally, more use of out-of-hospital surveillance and reduced hospital stays will provide maximum comfort and cost savings for patients.
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