The 5G era will be a network that meets diverse business needs, based on NFV/SDN technology, using general-purpose hardware to implement network function software and resource-based scheduling based on differentiated services.
The business and network platform operations would be able to realise the connection between network capabilities and service requirements through the digital platform, open network capabilities, deploy according to users, and ultimately reduce service delay.
The 5G core network is combined with the NFV infrastructure to provide new business capabilities such as network slicing and edge computing for the average consumer, application provider and vertical industry demanders. The 5G core network will transform from the traditional Internet access pipeline to the enabler of the entire society.
The innovation driver of the 5G core network is derived from the 5G business scenario requirements and the new ICT enabling technology. It aims to build a high-performance, flexible and configurable wide-area network infrastructure to enhance future-oriented network operation capabilities comprehensively. The 5G era requires a virtualised, layered core network in the future, as well as a network architecture with open resources and suitable for developing new services, thus providing an economical and sustainable development model from network operations to business services.
With the freezing of the 5G standard and commercial deployment on the agenda, the future of the whole society-informed life depicted in the 5G demand is becoming accessible from the imagination. As an essential part of the socialised information infrastructure that connects all things and empowers the businesses, the mobile core network is already realising the complete reconstruction of the architecture, functions and platforms in the 5G phase.
5G development and deployment
Analysts are optimistic that the 5G arrival will lead to a new era of edge computing. The speed of 5G networks is ten times faster than that of 4G networks. This improvement gives remote sensors the possibility to update connected devices instantly. The increase in real-time processing will require new devices with enhanced capabilities.
This will also increase the need for edge computing because it handles data at the network boundary rather than transmitting it to a data center that is far away. According to a report by Allied Market Research, the global compound annual growth rate of the edge computing market is 32.8% from 2018 to 2025. The report points out that the emerging 5G network is an essential factor in providing growth opportunities for key players in the industry.
Edge networks will become more professional and complex
As 5G networks get closer to real-world applications, what will happen is that 5G networks will become more complicated than they are today. And let’s not forget, many organizations invest heavily in achieving this goal, increasing the importance of edge networks in the global future. It has been said that edge networks depend in no small extent on the capabilities of the devices whose characteristics need to match their gadgets.
Self-driving cars require a high-speed edge network, mainly because the characteristics of the car’s movement may change in a second. Processing data at the edge of a 5G network can save the cost of deploying power and infrastructure. However, the location of the edge computing device depends on the application.
Business leaders must keep in mind that there are still many details to be addressed about 5G networks and edge computing. Therefore, it is too early to determine that edge computing networks will become more sophisticated. Still, there is evidence that this will happen very quickly and is specific to a particular device.
Besides, since edge computing networks depend on the devices that use them, there are some differences in how network operators can help when they own, purchase or lease through service models, or rely on cloud computing providers.
Iain Gillott, president and founder of research firm iGR, participated in a panel discussion at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in 2019 — he said that network owners would change with the location of the application and the edge network. These insights mean that the way people define edge computing networks may vary soon.
Edge computing networks will help improve 5G performance per user
Beamforming techniques allow the signal to position itself in the direction of the device receiving the signal. This advantage provides a stronger, faster signal. In 2018, Deutsche Telekom established an edge computing laboratory to study the impact of user tracking beamforming antennas on 5G networks.
In such a case, the software electronically directs the 5G signal to the user’s handset to improve efficiency and signal quality. The included edge computing platform is a fully virtualized end-to-end solution that supports the first use of this 5G beamforming technology in real-time environments. On a broader scale, the Deutsche Telekom facility wants to focus on specific use cases and encourage application developers to research the benefits of 5G.
Many people don’t think about what’s happening in the background to provide them with a consistent connection. This is an excellent example of an edge computing network that processes data for users without realizing it and needs to improve device performance.
Edge network devices must accept stricter security monitoring
One thing that cybersecurity experts often refer to edge computing networks is that they can cause security problems due to the increased number of devices collecting data on the network. For example, an edge device deployed at a remote location may not have a staff member periodically checking for security vulnerabilities or keeping their software updates.
As mentioned above, edge computing networks will play an important role in 5G security. However, if the organizations that use them do not take additional precautions to maintain edge computing network security, many of the benefits they provide may be masked.
The good thing is, many device manufacturers are already considering and integrating better network security into their devices. Doing so can help 5G networks and edge devices benefit from each other without security threats.
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