According to information being issued by the marketing departments of market players, the 5G technology is going to change the lives of internet users with its revolutionary speed.
Admittedly, the deployment of the 5G service is limited due to its complexity leaving a majority of users nowhere near the facility. Experts agree that with the 5G technology, the impatient market will have to give it some time as with any technology.
What is 5G?
As the 5th generation of mobile communication, the 5G network is more than just an upgrade for faster data networks that enable better global connectivity. The 5G technology is a revolution in how the world is connected, promising to significantly improve the speed, responsiveness, and coverage of wireless networks.
According to Verizon’s platform, the 5G technology promises speeds above the 1 gigabit per second mark promising radically faster upload and download speeds that will see websites open in microseconds and videos downloading in seconds rather than minutes.
This will be 10 to 100 times faster compared to the typical mobile connections, and even quicker than anything, users could get with a fiber-optic cable going into their homes or offices. In ideal conditions, users could download a season’s worth of Watchmen in seconds.
Also, the 5G network is taunted to have less latency or lag. Latency refers to the delay between when a user clicks on a link, which directs the request to the network, and opening the website or link when the network responds.
With current networks, the latency or lag time can last around 25 milliseconds. Although it does not seem to be much, the 5G network promises to reduce the latency levels to about one millisecond.
A minimal latency level is critical for activities such as playing a consuming video game in virtual reality or for a neurosurgeon in California controlling a pair of robotic arms in a procedure in New York. The 5G virtual latency-free connection promises to make way for self-driving cars to become a reality if they have a way to communicate with each other in real-time.
How Does 5G Work?
Like other mobile networks, 5G technology uses cell sites’ system that sends encoded data through radio waves after dividing their territory into sectors. The 5G network uses radio waves to receive and transmit data between a mast or an antenna to a user’s device.
Even though it uses similar technologies with earlier mobile networks, the 5G network relies heavily on radio frequencies, ensuring ultra-fast internet speeds and vast connectivity for users.
One disadvantage of the 5G network is that it cannot travel as far as other frequencies hence requiring a denser network of masts, antennas, or base stations. Because of this constraint, the 5G network is better fashioned for densely populated areas where many people are accessing the internet at the same time.
So far, the United States, China, and South Korea have launched the 5th generation of cellular technology in their countries, with Sweden, Japan, Estonia, and Turkey rushing to launch the technology before the end of 2019.
According to Chinese state media agency, Xinhua, the 5G network is commercially available in 50 cities in China, including Shenzhen, Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai. Despite launching the 5G service most recently, China’s commercial network is currently the most abundant one giving the Asian country more dominance over the technology’s global revolution.
In Africa, it is estimated that only seven countries, including Kenya, South Africa, and Nigeria, will be 5G ready in 2025.
Image courtesy of LatheeshMahe @Wikipedia